The PSEG Long Island pricing, rates & tariffs represent the different charges that are paid on your bill. These charges evolve on a regular basis, and their value can be verified on the PSEG Long Island official website, or on the Long Island Power Authority website (LIPA), or on the website of the New York State Public Service Commission. Here we show these rates & tariffs, and make bill estimations for typical users.
Typical Rates & Tariffs
Service Classification SC1
Each different type of customer (residential, commercial or industrial) will be assigned to a different type of service classification. Different types of usages will also help define the Service Classification (time of use plans for example). Most residential customers are put in the SC1 service classification. We have therefore used the SC1 rates & tariffs in this example to make typical bill estimations. Also, with PSEG Long Island, within the default residential Service Classification SC 1, there are various standard rates. These rates include:
- Residential, General Use
- Residential, Water Heating
- Residential, Home Heating
- Residential, Home Heating w/ Heat pump
- Residential, Water & Home Heating
Nevertheless, each of these rates depends on the configuration of your home, and therefore you do not have a choice between any of these rates. When the customer calls to start service with the utility company, the utility company will automatically know the required configuration as it is given the address of the residence. In this rates estimation, we make an estimation based on the default type of rate, "General Use".
Bill Estimation per House Size
Your electricity consumption will depend on the size of your home, and the number of people living there. Here we have made estimations on your monthly usage for different home sizes, and estimated your monthly electricity bill.
|Number of inhabitants||Estimated monthly electricity consumption(kWh) (EIA - 2009 data)||Monthly bill (January 2015 data)|
|6 or more||1044||$245|
|New York State Average||548||$134|
Average PSEG Long Island Bill
Based on the New York State average electricity usage per month of 548 kWh and January 2015 prices, an average PSEG Long Island bill will be about $134/month
This is on the higher end for New York utilities
|Utility Company||Bill Estimation|
|Orange & Rockland||$147|
|PSEG Long Island||$134|
Detailed explanation of each charge
Electricity usage in a typical household in New York is approximately 548 kWh. Here is an detailed list of the rates & tariffs you will find in your PSEG Long Island bill:
|Rate||Pro Rata Price ($/kWh) (January 2015 data)||Total price for 548 kWh typical usage ($)|
|Basic Service Charge||0.36 $/day||11.01|
|Delivery Service Charge (first 250 kWh)||0.0904||22.6|
|Delivery service charge (above 250 kWh)||0.0897||26.72|
|Delivery tariffs (state surcharges)|
|NY State Assessment Surcharge||0.0026||1.40|
|Revenue based PILOTS||0.00457||2.50|
|Efficiency & Renewables Charge||0.006252||3.43|
|Total Electric Delivery Charge||72.40|
|Market Price Charge (Dec 15, 2014 value)||0.1051||57.60|
|Supply Tariffs (state surcharges)|
|Total Electric Supply Charge||61.64|
|Total electric charge||134.03|
Distribution of rates & tariffs for delivery and supply
For the typical charges just described in the table above, here is a donut chart of the distribution of the utility rates and tariffs (for the delivery and supply portions of the bill).
Description of Rates
PSEG Long Island charges: rates are set by the utility company, PSEG Long Island in this case. You are billed by PSEG Long Island for the delivery, and the supply of electricity (if you haven't chosen an alternate retail energy supplier), and for related adjustment charges. These delivery and supply charges are divided between electric and gas rates.
Delivery rates are the charges per kWh which pay for the transportation of the electricity or gas from the source of the point of generation (power plants) to your home.
- Basic Service Charge: this is a monthly fixed charge. It does not depend on how much electricity you consume each month. This charge pays for fixed maintenance costs, such as the maintenance of the grid, or sending a technician to read your meter monthly, for example.
- Delivery Service Charge: This charge is billed in $/kWh: it is proportional to your electricity usage, like most other charges and state surcharges. Above 250 kWh/month of use, the rate changes. This change will depend on the month of the year. Here we have taken a year average to facilitate the estimation, but during the summer months, this rate will be more expensive: ($0.0975/kWh), and the rest of the year, the rate will be cheaper ($0.0787). This charge pays for the delivery of the electricity along the grid, through the transmission and distribution lines, from the point of generation to your home.
Supply rates are the charges per kWh which pay for the price of the actual electricity or gas you use in your home. These will change if you switch to an alternate supplier.
- Market Price Supply Charge: This is the only charge that pays for the purchase of the electricity itself, from the electricity production companies. It is the price at which the electricity is offered on the market.
For more information on the rates & tariffs that appear on your bill, and how to understand them, read our page Understanding your bill with PSEG Long Island.
Description of State Surcharges
Tariffs / State surcharges: state surcharges are state mandated. They are what the state charges you. The Public Service Commission (PSC) has utility tariffs for Electric, Gas, Water, and Telecommunication companies which have a professional activity in New York State. They include the sales tax and the gross revenue tax in applicable, as well as charges which pay programs such as energy efficiency, renewable energy incentives, and other funds.
- New York State Assessment (NYSA): also called the Temporary State Assessment Surcharge (TSAS), this is a state-mandated charge which pays for the requirements in Section 18-a of the Public Service Law: energy conservation and utility service conservation.
- Revenue based PILOTS : PSEG Long Island pays taxes to the state for revenues from the sale of electricity. These payments are reimbursed via this charge. This is comparable to the Gross Revenue Tax, which some other utilities charge.
- Efficiency & Renewables Charge: Pays for ecological incentives such as the SBC, System Benefits Charges, which incentivizes energy efficiency, and the Renewable Portfolio Standard, which incentivizes renewable energy goals set by the state of New York.
More information on Tariffs / State Surcharges on the following page: New York State Surcharges.